1. Determining the location The attic of the house is one of the main choices for carrying out urban gardening activities for those who live in apartments. But for those who don’t have it, it’s not a problem. Another option is on a small terrace, balcony, or in the yard, however small it may be. And if we really don’t have any green space to work with, we can always plant seeds in containers by our windows.
2. Finding out about plants After that, we need to know what types of plants thrive in the urban environment where we live. We can do most searches online, but remember that it’s also important to consider the season or the weather. The possibility of bad weather in the area around the dwelling and the amount of sunlight can affect the plants.
3. Selecting seeds In the next step, we can choose which seeds we want to plant. Sketch which plants will grow where, arrange them by height, and how much sunlight each plant will need. Also, if you are planning to add a sprinkler or watering system, be sure to also consider the placement of the plants in conjunction with the sprinklers. Of course, if we are going to water the garden manually this is not a problem. Be sure to check whether the seeds that we have picked can be planted directly into the soil. Initially, some seeds must be put in containers before they can be transported into the soil when they are mature enough. This is important to know before planting.
4. Consider drainage If we use pots or other types of containers for plants, then make sure there are drainage holes at the bottom. If not, we can also separate the soil from the bottom of the container with gravel or lava rock. Water will continue to drip from underground and pool at the bottom of the container. So a container that has poor drainage soaks the plant and causes root rot.
5. Prepare the soil Find out which soil is the best based on the type of seed selected. Then, prepare the soil as needed as different soil types require different additives (peat moss, manure, compost, etc.). If we are starting from scratch and not planting directly into the soil, it is recommended that potting soil has the most efficient drainage. Take a shovel to the ground, crushing any large lumps in the soil that should have a crumbly texture. Now we can prepare the soil by adding the mixture in the first few inches. Add lime if desired, then clean the bed before planting.
6. Watering the plants After everything is planted, it is very important to water each plant thoroughly. If you don’t have good drainage, remove excess water that has pooled around the top of the soil. Several apps on your phone can help you determine your seed needs based on lighting and the environment, which will also tell you when it’s time to water. Another way to tell when it’s time to water is to stick your finger in the ground. If the top 5 cm of the soil is dry, then it’s time to water.
7. Equipment to buy One of the main advantages of urban gardening over time is that it is cost effective. If possible, try to buy or use used garden tools, recycled materials or reuse something. For example, we really don’t need a new watering can, a glass can get the job done just fine.
However, if we want to know some of the main equipment that must be purchased to start urban gardening, here are some recommendations:
• Earthen pot
• Tools such as shovels, hoes, pruners, scissors, saws, etc
• Portable water hose
• Rocks or gravel for drainage
• Soil pH meter
• Organic neem oil spray (for pests and glossy leaves)